CO₂-EOR Joint Industry Project

The SCCS CO₂-EOR Joint Industry Project (JIP) has published the results from a collaborative programme of work to develop an understanding of CO₂-Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), with the aim of creating a commercial use for CO₂ captured from power plants and industry. The project is led by SCCS partners and funding has been provided by the Scottish Government, Scottish Enterprise, 2Co Energy Limited, Nexen and Shell.

CO₂-EOR technology, which has been used in North America for decades, involves injecting CO₂ into partially depleted oilfields deep beneath the seabed to force out additional volumes of oil, with the majority of the injected CO₂ remaining permanently stored deep underground. Although to date there has been no supply of CO₂ to support implementation of industrial scale CO₂-EOR in the North Sea, the large-scale development of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) could change this.

This project has focused on addressing issues, which are of major importance to project developers looking to link CO₂-EOR in the North Sea with CCS projects. It has been undertaken as a series of work packages in two phases.

A total of 17 detailed reports have been produced covering a wide variety of topics. These are divided into six subcategories and are available to download below. The summary report brings all 17 pieces of work together in one publication.

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Work packages and associated reports

CO2-EOR Summary Report: This report features two-page summary reports from each of the JIP work packages. It begins with key findings and a 12-page introduction describing the project and its results.

CO2-EOR Summary Report



CO₂-EOR in the UK - Analysis of fiscal incentives

Techno-economic evaluation of CO₂-EOR in the North Sea

Preliminary Study on Developing Economic Multipliers for CO₂-EOR Activity


Stakeholder perceptions

CO₂-EOR Stakeholder Perceptions and Policy Responses


EOR performance

Techno-Economic Reservoir Modelling


CO2 management and environmental impacts

Carbon Accounting for Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil recovery

A Review of Flaring and Venting at UK Offshore Oilfields

CO₂-EOR - Security of Storage

Measurement, monitoring and verification - EOR and CO2 Storage

Environmental Impacts of CO₂-EOR - The Offshore UK Context



Legal Status of CO₂– Enhanced Oil Recovery

The Use of CO₂ for EOR on the UKCS

Transboundary Chains for CO₂ EOR - Legal Contexts for CO₂ Injection in the North Sea


CO2 Supply

Ship transport of CO₂ for EOR – Literature Survey

Offshore offloading of CO₂ review of single point mooring types and suitability

Transportation and unloading of CO₂ by ship - a comparative assessment

Worldwide Comparison of CO₂-EOR